Essential Abbreviations for Competitive Test Prep

Essential Abbreviations

Share This Post

Abbreviations starting with the letter “A”:

ADB: Asian Development Bank
ADR: American Depositary Receipt
AGM: Annual General Meeting
AIDWA: All India Democratic Women’s Association
AIT UC: All India Trade Union Congress
AMFI: Association of Mutual Funds in India
APEC: Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation
APL: Above Poverty Line
APM: Administered Pricing Mechanism
ARC: Asset Reconstruction Company
ARDR: Agricultural and Rural Debt Relief
ASEAN: Association of South-East Asian Nations
ATM: Asynchronous Transfer Mode, Automated teller machine
AC Alternating Current
AG: Accountant General
AICC: All India Congress Committee
AIR: All India Radio
AM: Antemeridian
ARP: Air Raid Precaution
ABM: Anti Ballistic Missiles
ABVP: Akhil Bharatiya Vidyarthi Parishad
AC: Alternating Current; Ashoka Chakra
ACU: Asian Currency Union
ADC: Aide-de-Camp; Access Deficit Charge
ADF: Asian Development Fund
ADIDAS: All Day I Dream about sports
ADS: Air Defence Ship
AG: Accountant General; Adjutant General
AIDS: Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome
AllMS: All India Institute of Medical Sciences
AIR: All India Radio; Annual Information Report
am: ante meridiem; before noon
AT&T: American telegraphic and Telephone Co. Ltd.
ATA: Air Time Authority; Allen Telescope Array
ATC: Air Traffic Controller
ATM: Automatic Teller Machine
ATR: Action Taken Report
ATV: Automatic Transfer Vehicle
AUDI : Auto Union Deutschland Ingolstadt
AUM: Assets Under Management
AVC: Army Veterinary Corps
AVM: Additional Volatility Margin
AWACS: Airborne Warning and Control System
ASCI: Advanced Strategic Computing Initiative
ASCII: American Standard Code for Information

Abbreviations starting with the letter “B”:

BA: Bachelor of Arts
BBC: British Broadcasting Corporation
BC: Before Christ
BCG: Bacillus Calmette Guerin
BEd: Bachelor of Education
BSF: Border Security Force
BARC: Bhabha Atomic Research Centre
BBC: British Broadcasting Corporation
BC: Before Christ; Board of Control; British Columbia; Battery Commander
BSF: Border Security Force
BSNL: Bharat Sanchar Nigam Ltd
BCBS: Basel committee for Banking Supervision
BCSBI: Banking Codes and Standards Board of India
BIFR: Board of Industrial and Financial Reconstruction
BIS: Bank for International Settlements, Bureau of Indian Standards
BOLT: BSE On-Line Trading (System)
BOP: Balance of Payments
BOT: Build, Operate and Transfer
BPL: Below Poverty Line
BPO: Business Process Outsourcing
BSCS: Basel Committee on Banking Supervision
BSE: Bombay Stock Exchange
BSR: Basic Statistical Returns

Abbreviations starting with the letter “C”:

C & AG : Comptroller & Auditor General
CA: Chartered Accountant
CABE: Central Advisory Board of Education
CACP: Commission of Agriculture Cost and Price
CAD: Capital Account Deficit
CAG: Controller and Auditor General of India
CAPART: Council for People’s Action and Advancement of Rural Technology
CAR: Capital adequacy ratio
CARE: Credit Analysis & Research Ltd.
CBS: Core banking solution
CC: Cash Credit
COD: Central Ordnance Depot; Cash on Delivery
CPCB: Central Pollution Control Board
CPI: Communist Party of India
CPI(M): Communist Party of India (Marxists)
CPU: Central Processing Unit
CR: Central Railway
CRAC: Cyber Regulation Advisory Council
CRDi: Common Rail Direct injection
CRISIL: Credit Rating Information Services of India Limited
CRM: Customer Relationship Management
CRPF: Central Reserve Police Force
CRR: Cash Reserve Ratio
CSIR: Council of Scientific and Industrial Research
CTBT: Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty
CTT: Commodities Transaction Tax
CVRDE: Combat Vehicles Research and Development Establishment

Abbreviations starting with the letter “D”:

DA: Dearness Allowance; Daily Allowance
DAP: Development Action Plan
DBOD: Department of Banking Operations and Development
DBS Bank Ltd: The Development Bank of Singapore Limited.
DCA: Department of Company Affairs
DCM: Department of Currency Management
DD: Demand Draft
DDS: Data Dissemination Standards
DICGC: Deposit Insurance and Credit Guarantee Corporation of India
DMA: Departmentalized Ministries Account
DMIC: Delhi-Mumbai Industrial Corridor
DPEP: District Primary Education Program
DC: Direct Current
DDT: Dichloro Diphenyl Trichloro-Ethane
DIR: Defence of India Rules Esq: Esquire
DLO: Dead Letter Office
DPI: Director of Public Instruction
DA: Dearness Allowance; Daily Allowance
DAVP: Directorate of Advertising and Visual Publicity
DDT: Dichloro-Diphenyl Trichloro-ethane (disinfectant)
DIN: Director Information Number
DM: District Magistrate; Deputy Minister
DMIC: Delhi-Mumbai Industrial Corridor
DMK: Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (a regional political party of Tamil Nadu)
DNA: Deoxy-ribo Nucleic Acid
DO: Demi-official (letter)
DOD: Department of Ocean Development
DPEP: District Primary Education Programme
DPI: Director of Public Instruction
DRAM: Dynamic Random Access Memory
DRDO: Defence Research and Development Organisation

Abbreviations starting with the letter “E”:

EDUSAT: Education Satellite
EEE: Exempt Exempt Exempt
EEFC Accounts: Exchange Earners Foreign Currency Account
EET: Exempt Exempt Taxation
EFA: Education for All
EFT: Electronic fund transfer
EGOM: Empowered Group of Ministers
EMI: Equated Monthly Instalment
EMS: European Monetary System
EPF: Employees Provident Fund
EPFO: Employees Provident Fund Organisation
ERNET: Educational and Research Network
ESA: European Space Agency
ESCAP: Economic and Social Commission for Asia and Pacify
ESMA: Essential Services Maintenance Act
EDUSAT: Education Satellite
EEG: Electro-encephalography
EET: Exempt Exempt Taxation
EFA: Education for All
EFF: Extended Fund Facility
EHTP: Electronic Hardware Technology Parks
ELISA: Enzyme-Linked Immuno Solvent Assay (used for testing AIDS)

Abbreviations starting with the letter “F”:

FAO: Food and Agriculture Organisation
FCCB: Foreign Currency Convertible Bond
FCNR: Foreign Currency (Non-Resident) Accounts Scheme
FCNR(B): Foreign Currency Currency Non-Repatriable (Banks)
FCNR(B) : Foreign Currency Non-resident (Banks)
FDI: Foreign Direct Investment
FEMA: Foreign Exchange Management Act
FERA: Foreign Exchange Regulations Act
FICCI: Federation of Indian Chambers of Commerce and Industry
FII: Foreign Institutional Investors
FIMMDA: Fixed Income Money Market and Derivatives Association of India
FIPB: Foreign Investment Promotion Board (Of India)
FMCG: Fast Moving Consumer Goods
FBI: Federal Bureau of Investigation (of the U.S.A.)
FCNR: Foreign Currency (non-resident) Accounts Scheme
FDR: Flight Data Recorder; Fixed Deposit Receipt
FEMA: Foreign Exchange Management Act
FERA: Foreign Exchange Regulations Act
FICCI: Federation of Indian Chambers of Commerce and Industry
FII: Foreign Institutional Investors
FIPB: Foreign Investment Promotion Board (of India)
FLAG: Fibre Optic Link Around the Globe
FM: Field Marshal; Frequency Modulated
FPSB: Financial Planning Standards Boards (India)
FRBM: Fiscal Responsibility and Budget Management
FSSA: Food Safety and Standards Authority (of India)

Abbreviations starting with the letter “G”:

GCC: Gulf Cooperation Council
GDP: Gross Domestic Product
GEF: Global Environment Fund
GIC: General Insurance Corporation
GNP: Gross National Product
GOI: Government of India
GST: Goods and Service Tax
GK: General Knowledge
GMT: Greenwich Mean Time
GPF: General Post Office
GAGAN: GPS-aided Geo-augmented Navigation
GIST: Graphics and Intelligence based Script Technology
GPS: Global Mobile Personal Communications System
GMRT: Giant Metrewave Radio Telescope
GMT: Greenwich Mean Time
GNP: Gross National Product
GNSS: Global Navigation Satellite System
GOC: General Officer Commanding
GOOGLE: Global Organisation Of Oriented Group Language of Earth
GPO: General Post Office
GPRS: General Packet Radio System
GPS: Global Positioning System
GSLV: Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle
GSP: Generalised Special Preferences
GST: Goods and Service Tax
GSTP: Global System of Trade Preferences

Abbreviations starting with the letter “H”:

HDFC: Housing Development Finance Corporation Limited
HDI: Human Development Index
HSBC: Hong Kong and Shanghai Banking Corporation Limited
HUDCO: Housing & Urban Development Corporation
HMT: Hindustan Machine Tools
HP: Horse Power
HAWS: High Altitude Warfare School
HCF: Highest Common Factor
HDFC: Housing Development Finance Corporation
HDI: Human Development Index
HDTV: High Definition Television
HMS: Hybrid Mail Service
HP: Himachal Pradesh; Horizontal Plane; Horse Power
HTML: HyperText Markup Language
HTTP: Hypertext Transfer Protocol
HUDCO: Housing and Urban Development Corporation
HVDC: High Voltage Direct Current

Abbreviations starting with the letter “I”:

IAAI: International Airport Authority Of India
IAAS: Indian Audit and Accounts Service
IADF: International Agricultural Development Fund
IAEA: International Atomic Energy Agency
IASB: The International Accounting Standards Board
IBRD: International Bank for Reconstruction and Development
ICAI: Institute of Chartered Accountants of India
ICAR: Indian Council of Agricultural Research
IDBI: Industrial Development Bank of India
IDR: Indian Depository Receipts
IES: Indian Economic Service
IEX: Indian Energy Exchange
IFAD: International Fund for Agricultural Development
IFC: International Finance Corporation
IFRS: International Financial Reporting Standard
IFSC: Indian Financial System Code
IFTU: International Federation of Trade Unions
ISKCON: International Society for Krishna Consciousness
ISO: International Standardisation Organisation
ISP: Internet Service Provider
ISRO: Indian Space Research Organisation
ISS: International Space Station
IST: Indian Standard Time

Abbreviations starting with the letter “J”:

JNNURM: Jawaharlal Nehru National Urban Renewal Mission
JCO: Junior Commissioned Officer
JPC: Joint Parliamentary Committee
JPEG: Joint Photographic Experts Group
JWG: Joint Working Group

Abbreviations starting with the letter “K”:

Kg: Kilogramme
KG: Kindergarten
KPO: Knowledge Process Outsourcing
KPO: Knowledge Process Outsourcing
KVIC: Khadi & Village Industries Corporation
KYC: Know your customer

Abbreviations starting with the letter “L”:

LBW: Leg Before Wicket Ltd-Limited
LMG: Light Machine Gun
LMP: Licentiate in the practice of Medicine
LAC: Line of Actual Control
LASER: Light Amplification by Stimulated Emission of Radiation
LCA: Light Combat Aircraft
LDC: Least Developed Countries
LHC: Large Hadron Collider
LIC: Life Insurance Corporation (of India)
LLP: Limited Liability Partnership
LML: Lohia Machines Limited
LOAC: Line of Actual Control
LTA: Light Transport Aircraft
LTTE : Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam
LAMPS: Large-sized Adivasi Multipurpose Societies
LDC: Least Developed Countries
LIBOR: London Interbank Offer Rate
LIC: Life Insurance Corporation (Of India)
LLP: Limited Liability Partnership

Abbreviations starting with the letter “M”:

MA: Moving Average
MAIT: Manufacturers’ Association for Information Technology
MAT: Minimum Alternative Tax
MCA: Ministry of Company Affairs
MCAP: Market capitalization / Midcap
MDG: Millennium development goals
MEP: Minimum Export Price
MFA: Multi-Fiber Agreement
MFI: Microfinance institution
MFIN: Microfinance institution network
MFN: Most Favoured Nation
MGNREGA: National Rural Employment Guarantee Act
MIBOR: Mumbai Interbank offer rate
MPEG: Motion Picture Experts Groups
MRF: Madras Rubber Factory
MRI: Magnetic Resonance Imaging
MRTPC: Monopolies and Restrictive Trade Practises Commission
MRTS: Mass Rapid Transit System
MSA: Maritime Safety Agency
MSCF: Maritime Security Cooperation Framework
Mss: Manuscript
MTCR: Missile Technology Control Regime
MTO: Multilateral Trade Organisation
MUNO: Maha Vir Chakra
MVC: Maha Vir Chakra

Abbreviations starting with the letter “N”:

NABARD: National Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development
NAEP: National Adult Education Program
NAFED: National Agricultural Cooperative Marketing Federation of India Ltd
NAFTA: North American Free Trade Agreement
NAM: Non-Aligned Movement
NAMA: Non-Agriculture Market Access
NASDAQ: National Association of Securities Dealers Automated Quotation
NASSCOM: National Association of Software and Services Companies
NATO: North Atlantic Treaty Organisation
NAV: Net Asset Value
NBFC: Non-Banking Finance Companies
NCERT: National Council Of Education Research And Training
NCPCR: National Commission for Protection of Child Rights
NDC: National Development Council
NEFT: National Electronic Fund Transfer
NEGP: National E-Governance Plan
NEP: National Education Policy
NFO: New Fund Offers
NGO: Non-Governmental Organisation
NHAI: National Highways Authority of India
NHDP: National Highways Development Project
NHRC: National Human Rights Commission
NIC: National Industrial Classification
NIFT: National Institute of Fashion Technology
NRI: Non-Resident Indian
NSC: National Statistical Commission
NSDL: National Securities Depository Limited
NSE: National Stock Exchange
NSSO: National Sample Survey Organisation
NTPC: National Thermal Power Corporation
NCC: National Cadet Corps
PDF: National Defence Fund
NEFA: North East Frontier Agency
NSS: National Service Scheme
NAA: National Airport Authority
NRSA: National Remote Sensing Agency
NSA: National Security Act
NSC: National Service Corps; National Security Council
NSDL: National Securities Depository Limited
NSE: National Stock Exchange
NSR: National Skills Registry
NTPC: National Thermal Power Corporation
NWDA: National Water Development Agency
NWRC: National Water Resources Council

Abbreviations starting with the letter “O”:

OIC: Organisation of Islamic Countries
OIL: Oil India Limited
OLTAS: On-Line Tax Accounting System
OMCS: Oil Marketing Companies
ONGC: Oil And Natural Gas Commission
OPEC: Organisation Of Petroleum Exporting Countries
OSCE: Organisation For Security And Cooperation In Europe
OBC: Other Backward Classes
OBU: Offshore Banking Unit
ODA: Official Development Assistance
ODF: Open Document Format
ODS: Ozone Depletion Substances
OECD: Organisation of Economic Co-operation and Development
OGL: Open General Licence
OIC: Organisation of Islamic Countries
OIGS: On India Government Service
OIL: Oil India Limited
ONGC: Oil and Natural Gas Commission
OPEC: Organisation of Petroleum Exporting Countries
OSCE: Organisation for Security and Cooperation in Europe
OSD: Officer on Special Duty
OXML: Open Extended Marking Language

Abbreviations starting with the letter “P”:

PAC: Public Accounts Committee
PACS: Primary Agriculture Credit Societies
PAN: Permanent Account Number (Of Income-Tax)
PATA: Pacific-Asia Travel Association
PCI: Per capita income
PD: Primary Deficit
PDO: Public Debt Office
PDS: Public Distribution System
PIL: Public Interest Litigation
PIO: Persons Of Indian Origin
PN: Participatory Note
PNB: Punjab National Bank.
PO: Principal Office
POW: Prisoner of War
PP: Public Prosecutor; Particular Person
PRO: Public Relations Officer
PS: Post Scriptum; PostScript; written after
PSC: Public Service Commission
PSE: Public Sector Enterprises
PSLV: Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle
PTA: Preferential Trade Area
PTI: Press Trust of India
PTO: Please Turn Over; Privilege Ticket Order
PUFA: Polyunsaturated Fatty Acids
PVC: Param Vir Chakra
PVSM: Param Vishisht Seva Medal
PWD: Public Works Department

Abbreviations starting with the letter “Q”:

QIB: Qualified Institutional Buyer
QIP: Qualified Institutional Placement
QR: Quantitative Restriction
QMG: Quarter Master General
QR: Quantitative Restriction

Abbreviations starting with the letter “R”:

RBI: Reserve Bank Of India
RDBMS: Relational Database Management System
RE: Revenue Expenditure
REC: Rural Electrification Corporation
RIDF: Rural infrastructure development fund
RMB: Renminbi (Chinese)
RR: Revenue Receipts
RRB: Regional Rural Bank
RRPI: Rural Retail Price Index
RSETI: Rural Self Employment Training Institute
RTGS: Real Time Gross Settlement
R&D: Research and Development
RSS: Rashtriya Swayam Sevak Sangh
RADAR: Radio Detection and Ranging
RAF: Rapid Action Force
RAM: Random Access Memory
RLO: Returned Letter Office
RLV: Reusable Launch Vehicle
RPM: Revolution Per Minute
RPO: Recruitment Process Outsourcing; Regional Passport Officer
RRB: Regional Rural Bank
RRPI: Rural Retail Price Index
RTGS: Real Time Gross Settlement System
RTI: Right to Information

Abbreviations starting with the letter “S”:

SBI: State Bank of India.
SC: Schedule Caste
SCO: Shanghai Cooperation Organisation
SCOPE: Standing Conference On Public Enterprises
SDF: shipping declaration form
SDR: Special Drawing Rights
SEBI: Securities and Exchange Board of India
SEBI: Securities And Exchange Board Of India
SEWA: Self-employed women’s association
SEZ: Special Economic Zone
SFC: State Financial Corporation
SGL: Subsidiary General Ledger
SIDBI: Small Industries Development Bank of India
SLR: Statutory Liquidity Ratio
SSI: Small-Scale Industries
ST: Schedule Tribe
SEATO: South East Asia treaty Organisation
ST: Scheduled Tribe
SAARC: South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation
SAFTA: South Asian Free Trade Area
SAIL: Steel Authority of India Limited
SAPTA: SAARC Preferential Trading Agreement
SARS: Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome
SATNAV: Satellite Navigation (Initiative)
SAVE: SAARC Audio Visual Exchange
SC: Security Council; Supreme Court; Scheduled Caste
SOS: Save Our Souls distress signal
SPG: Special Protection Group
SPIN: Software Process Improvement Networks
SPV : Solar Photo Voltaic
SQUID: Superconducting Quantum Interference Device
SRE: Space Capsule Recovery Experiment
SRV: Submarine Rescue Vessel
SSN: Social Security Number
STARS: Satellite Tracking and Ranging Station
START: Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty
STD: Subscriber Trunk Dialling; Sexually Transmitted Diseases
STEP: Science and Technology Entrepreneurship Park
STT: Securities Transaction Tax

Abbreviations starting with the letter “T”:

TC: Temporary Change
TDS: Tax Deduction at Source
TIFR: Tata Institute Of Fundamental Research
TIN: Tax Information Network
TINXSYS: Tax Information Exchange System
TISCO: Tata Iron and Steel Company
TPDS: Targeted Public Distribution System
TRAI: Telecom Regulatory Authority Of India
TRIMS: Trade-Related Investment Measures
TRIPS: Trade-Related Intellectual Property Rights
TRYSEM: Training Of Rural Youth For Self Employment
TT: Telegraphic Transfer
TA: Travelling Allowance
TB: Tuberculosis
TELEX: Teleprinter Exchange
TMO: Telegraphic Money
TA: Travelling Allowance; Territorial Army
TAAI: Travel Agents Association of India
TACDE: Tactics and Air Combat Development Establishment
TADA: Terrorist and Disruptive Activities (Prevention) Act
TAPS: Tarapur Atomic Power Station
TB: Tuberculosis
TCP: Transfer Call Protocol
TDC: Transport Development Council
TDS: Tax Deduction at Source
TDSAT: Telecom Dispute Settlement Appellate Tribunal
TELCO: Tata Engineering and Locomotive Company
TERLS: Thumba Equatorial Rocket Launching Station
TFT: Thin-Film Transistor
TIFR: Tata Institute of Fundamental Research
TNT: Tri-nitro-toluene (high explosive)
TOEFL: Test of English as a Foreign Language
TPP: 20-Point Programme
TRAI: Telecom Regulatory Authority of India
TRIMs: Trade-Related Investment Measures
TRIPS: Trade-Related Intellectual Property Rights
TRP: Television Rating Points; Tax Return Preparer
TRYSEM: Training of Rural Youth for Self Employment
TTE: Travelling Ticket Examiner
TTF: Tourism Task Force
TVS : T.V Sundaram(Co-Founder)

Abbreviations starting with the letter “U”:

UNCTAD: United Nations Conference On Trade And Development
UNFCCC: United nation framework convention on climate change
UNFPA : United Nations Fund For Population Activities
UNHCR: United Nations High Commissioner For Refugees
UNHRC: United Nations Human Rights Commission
UNICEF: United Nations International Children’s (Emergency) Fund
UNIDO: United Nations Industrial Development Organisation
UNRRA: United Nations Relief And Rehabilitation Administration
UNDP: United nations Development Programme
UNO: United Nations Organisation
UAE: United Arab Emirates
UAV: Unmanned Aerial Vehicle
UF: United Front
UFO : Unidentified Flying Object
UGC: University Grants Commission
UK: United Kingdom
ULFA: United Liberation Front of Assam
UN: United Nations
UNCTAD: United Nations Conference on Trade and Development
UNDP: United Nations Development Programme
UNEF: United Nations Emergency Force
UNEP: United Nations Environment Programme
UNESCO: United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organisation
UNHCR: United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees

Abbreviations starting with the letter “V”:

VAT: Value-Added Tax
VC: Venture Capital
VDIS: Voluntary Disclosure Of Income Scheme
VRS: Voluntary Retirement Scheme
VIP: Very Important Person
VPP: Value Payable Post
VC: Vice-Chancellor; Vice Counsel; Victoria Cross; Vir Chakra
VCR: Video Cassette Recorder
VDIS: Voluntary Disclosure of Income Scheme
VHRR: Very High-Resolution Radiometer
VIP: Very Important Person
VIRUS: Vital Information Resources Under Siege
VISI: Very Large Scale Integration
VOIP: Voice Over Internet Protocol
VPN: Virtual Private Network

Abbreviations starting with the letter “W”:

WMO: World Meteorological Organisation
WADA: World Anti-Doping Agency
WAP: Wireless Application Protocol
WAVE: Wireless Access for Virtual Enterprise
WDF: Wasteland Development Force
WEF: World Economic Forum
WFP: World Food Programme
WFTU: World Federation of Trade Unions
WGIG: Working Group on Internet Governance
WIPO: World Intellectual Property Organisation
WIPRO: Western Indian Products
WIPO: World Intellectual Property Organisation
WMO: World Meteorological Organisation
WTO: World Trade Organisation

Abbreviations starting with the letter “X”:

XML: Extensible Mark-up Language

Abbreviations starting with the letter “Y”:

YWCA: young women’s Christian Association
YMCA: Young Men’s Christian Association

Abbreviations starting with the letter “Z”:

ZAPU: Zimbabwe Africa Peoples Union
ZPZ: Zero Population Growth
ZS: Zoological Society
ZIP: Zone Improvement Plan


Becoming the youngest IAS officer in India is a testament to your dedication, perseverance, and strategic approach to preparation. By following these ten transformative steps, you can elevate your chances of cracking the IAS examination and embarking on a fulfilling career in public service. Embrace the journey with confidence, determination, and an unwavering belief in your potential. Success may require sacrifice and perseverance, but with resilience and a clear vision, you can carve your path to greatness and make a meaningful contribution to society as an IAS officer.

At Ignite IAS, we provide comprehensive guidance and support to help our students excel in the interview and realize their dream of becoming civil servants.

More To Explore

Contact us Now @


Scroll to Top